The Remarkable Revival of Oxford and Cambridge

Posted in Governance and administration on June 13th, 2021 by steve

International“There is nearly always a theme for the publication of global rankings. Often it is the rise of Asia, or parts of it. For a while it was the malign grasp of Brexit which was crushing the life out of British research or the resilience of American science in the face of the frenzied hostility of the great orange beast …” (more)

[University Ranking Watch, 13 June]

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The Absurdity of University Rankings

Posted in Governance and administration on March 22nd, 2021 by steve

“University rankings are imbued with great significance by university staff and leadership teams and the outcomes of their ranking systems can have significant material consequences. Drawing on a curious example from their own institution, Jelena Brankovic argues that taking rankings as proxies for quality or performance in a linear-causal fashion is a fundamentally ill-conceived way of understanding the value of a university, in particular, when publicly embraced by none other than scholars themselves …” (more)

[LSE Impact Blog, 22 March]

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‘Elite’ researchers dominate citation space

Posted in Research on March 2nd, 2021 by steve

International“An analysis of more than 26 million scientific studies published by more than 4 million researchers between 2000 and 2015 has found that by 2015, the top 1% most-cited authors accounted for 21% of all citations. This citation inequality has become more extreme over time, and US-based scientists’ share of citations is falling …” (more)

[Sara Reardon, Nature, 1 March]


Two-thirds of researchers report ‘pressure to cite’ in Nature poll

Posted in Research on October 1st, 2019 by steve

International“An online poll answered by more than 4,300 Nature readers suggests that most researchers have felt pressured by peer reviewers to cite studies in their papers that seem unnecessary. Readers were asked, ‘Have you ever felt pressured by peer reviewers to cite seemingly superfluous studies in your work?’, to which 66% responded ‘yes’ and 34% said ‘no’ …” (more)

[Dalmeet Singh Chawla, Nature, 1 October]

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Elsevier investigates hundreds of peer reviewers for manipulating citations

Posted in Research on September 10th, 2019 by steve

International“The Dutch publisher Elsevier is investigating hundreds of researchers whom it suspects of deliberately manipulating the peer-review process to boost their own citation numbers. The publisher is looking into the possibility that some peer reviewers are encouraging the authors of work under review to cite the reviewers’ own research in exchange for positive reviews – a frowned-on practice broadly termed coercive citation …” (more)

[Dalmeet Singh Chawla, Nature, 10 September]

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Hundreds of extreme self-citing scientists revealed in new database

Posted in Research on August 19th, 2019 by steve

International“Some highly cited academics seem to be heavy self-promoters – but researchers warn against policing self-citation. The world’s most-cited researchers, according to newly released data, are a curiously eclectic bunch …” (more)

[Richard Van Noorden and Dalmeet Singh Chawla, Nature, 19 August]

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Do women in physics get fewer citations than men?

Posted in Research on November 30th, 2018 by steve

“Yesterday, I gave a seminar about the results of a little side-project that I did with two collaborators, Tobias Mistele and Tom Price. We analyzed publication data in some sub-disciplines of physics and looked for differences in citations to papers with male and female authors. This was to follow-up on the previously noted discrepancy …” (more)

[Sabine Hossenfelder, BackReaction, 30 November]

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Here we go again: the THE citations indicator

Posted in Governance and administration on October 1st, 2018 by steve

International“The latest THE world rankings have just been announced. For most of the indicators there are few surprises. There are more universities from Japan in the rankings. Oxford is first, followed by Cambridge. The USA contributes the largest number of top universities. China rises steadily. India is as usual is a disappointment …” (more)

[University Ranking Watch, 1 October]

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Will THE do something about the citations indicator?

Posted in Research on August 11th, 2018 by steve

International“International university rankings can be a bit boring sometimes. It is difficult to get excited about the Shanghai rankings, especially at the upper end: Chicago down two places, Peking up one. There was a bit of excitement in 2014 when there was a switch to a new list of highly cited researchers and some universities went up and down a few places, or even a few dozen, but that seems over with now …” (more)

[University Ranking Watch, 11 August]

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‘Open citations’ movement targets big publishers

Posted in Research on December 13th, 2017 by steve

International“‘Open citations now!’ So concludes a new open letter to publishers from researchers who support making scholarly citations freely available, in the interest of better citation analysis. Advocates of such efforts say that references are a pillar of scholarly work and that being able to understand how articles cite each other shouldn’t require an expensive subscription to a database …” (more)

[Colleen Flaherty, Times Higher Education, 11 December]

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The lifecycle of research citations

Posted in Research on June 10th, 2017 by steve

International“Researchers are evaluated using citation counts, often with a cut-off date. But this column shows that the lifecycle of citations differs between disciplines, with some subjects having earlier peaks or steeper declines in annual citations than others. These differences should be taken into account when evaluating researchers or institutions …” (more)

[Sebastian Galiani and Ramiro Gálvez, VOX, 10 June]


How to spot a ‘citation cartel’

Posted in Research on January 18th, 2017 by steve

International“Do you know the difference between a group of researchers in the same field who cite each other’s related work, and a group of authors who purposefully cite each other in order to boost their own profiles? It’s not easy to do, say researchers in a new article about so-called ‘Citation cartels’ …” (more)

[Retraction Watch, 18 January]

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Measuring the lack of impact of journal papers

Posted in Research on February 4th, 2016 by steve

UK“I’ve been involved in a depressing discussion on the Astronomers Facebook page, part of which was about the widespread use of Journal Impact factors by appointments panels, grant agencies, promotion committees, and so on …” (more)

[In the Dark, 4 February]

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When Do Citations Reflect ‘Impact?’

Posted in Research on July 16th, 2015 by steve

USA“Citation behaviors vary widely between and within STM and HSS; within particular disciplines citations can also play sharply different kinds of roles. The complexity of adducing scholarly significance from citation metrics is further increased as scholars may use citations differently from one publication to the next …” (more)

[Karin Wulf, The Scholarly Kitchen, 16 July]

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Citation Boost or Bad Data? Research Under Scrutiny

Posted in Research on May 18th, 2015 by steve

International“If a free website claimed that you could double citations to your papers simply by uploading them to their file sharing network, would you believe it? This claim, and the paper supporting it, is displayed prominently on the website …” (more)

[Phil Davis, The Scholarly Kitchen, 18 May]

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Are all subjects the same?

Posted in Governance and administration on May 9th, 2015 by steve

UK“University rankers seem to be moving towards the field normalization of citations data. In 2010 Times Higher Education and Thomson Reuters started using it for their world rankings. The scores for citations did not reflect the absolute number of citations or even citations per paper or per faculty …” (more)

[University Ranking Watch, 9 May]

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Growing Impact of Older Articles

Posted in Research on November 10th, 2014 by steve

International“Scholars have been devoting more attention to older literature, a new study of the citation patterns in journal articles reveals …” (more)

[Phil Davis, The Scholarly Kitchen, 10 November]

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UCD scientist’s work ranks among top-cited research papers

Posted in Research on October 30th, 2014 by steve

Ireland“DNA sequence analysis paper among most cited publications ever in Nature magazine. A research paper on a programme designed by an Irish scientist is among the 10 most frequently cited research publications of all time, the international science journal Nature magazine has revealed …” (more)

[Pamela Duncan, Irish Times, 30 October]

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UCD academic’s paper among most cited ever

Posted in Research on October 30th, 2014 by steve

Ireland“A scientific paper by a Dublin based academic has been listed by top academic journal Nature in the top ten most highly cited research papers ever. The 1988 study by Professor Des Higgins, who is Professor of Bioinformatics at the UCD Conway Institute set the international standard for DNA sequence analysis …” (more)

[RTÉ News, 30 October]

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Growing Impact of Non-Elite Journals

Posted in Research on October 20th, 2014 by steve

USA“From a news perspective, the recent report by Google researchers that more highly-cited papers are found in non-elite journals is about much more than the distribution of citations …” (more)

[Phil Davis, The Scholarly Kitchen, 20 October]

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